The Constitution’s “Privileges and Immunities” Clause requires a State to treat citizens of other States as it treats its own citizens.
The Constitution’s Article IV, Section 2 provides: “The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.” These “privileges and immunities” include:
- protection by the Government
- the enjoyment of life and liberty
- the right of a citizen of one State to pass through
- the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus
- pursuing lawsuits of any kind in the courts of the State
- owning and disposing of property, either real or personal
These constitutional requirements are benefits conferred on 21st Century Americans by the 18th Century drafters of the Constitution.